Turkey in Central Asia is an in-depth study of the historic-cultural, political and economic dimensions of the policy of Turkey towards the Central Asian region of the erstwhile Soviet Union by a leading specialist on modern Turkey. The author’s long association with Turkish studies in India, her prolonged stay in Turkey lend weight to her analysis of Turkey’s Central Asia policy, its aggressive thrust in Transcaucasia (Azerbaijan) to grab the Baku-Tiblisi-Ceyhan pipeline and Ankara’s intense urge to get membership of the European Union.
This work is remarkable for its broad sweep, perspective treatment of the subject and comprehensive character. The author draws upon heavily on twin strands of Pan-Turkism and Pan-Islamism which largely influenced Turkish policy in the region during both Soviet and pre-Soviet period.
The merit of this work lies in its holistic character. It deals with Turkish-Central Asia relations against the backdrop of rich hydro-carbon resources of Central Asia and the geo-politics of pipeline bringing them to the global market. The dilemma of Turkey torn between its aspiration to join the European Union and its traditional ambition to play a key role in Central Asia, a region with which it has close ethno-linguistic, religious and emotional ties has also been brought out well in this volume which also touches on Ankara’s relations with Iran and Russia.
The work has added to its value by a discussion on the role of Turkey as a member of the Economic Cooperation Organisation and the Black Sea Cooperation Zone. It also sheds light on impact of entry of Israel and Greece in Central Asians-Trans-Caucasiaian affairs on Turkey’s interest in the region.
1. Turks in Central Asia: An Overview of Early Ethno-linguistic Linkages and Political Development in Turkey from Empire to Republic 1
2. Pan-Turkism: Historical and Contemporary 37
3. Turkey’s Interest in the Caspian Sea Region: Relations with Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan 73
4. Turkey in Post-Soviet Central Asia 115
5. Turkey and the Emerging Geo-political Constellations in Central Asia 141
6. Turkey, Israel and Greece in Trans-Caucasia and Central Asia 193
7. Whither Turkey?-Some Possible Options 241
Caspian Region Statistics
Table 1: Caspian Sea Religion Oil and Natural Gas Reserves 267
Table 2: Caspian Sea Region Oil Production and Exports 268
Table 3: Caspian Sea Region Natural Gas Production and Exports 269
Table 4: Oil Export Routes in The Caspian Sea Region 270
Table 5: Naturla Gas Export routes in the Caspian sea Region 273
Table 6: Bosporus Bypass Oil Export Routes (For Oil Transiting the Black Sea) 276
Table 1: Kazakhstan: Oil Production Joint Ventures 278
Table 2: Other Oil Projects in Kazakhstan 282
Map 1: Contemporary Central Asia 288
Map 2: Central Asia consisting of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Trukmenistan and Uzbekistan and Turkey’s proximity to Trans-Caucasia (Georgin, Armenia, Azerbaijan) and Central Asia 289
Map 3: Existing and Possible Future Oil Routes from Central Asia 290
Map 4: Crude-Oil Pipelines Around Caspian Sea 291
Map 5: Refineries in the Caspian Area 292
Map 6: Oil and Gas Infrastructure in Caspian Basin 293