1947 saw the demise of the British Indian Empire and the emergence of India as an independent country. It also witnessed dubious endeavour on part of the departing rulers in partitioning a sub-continent into India and Pakistan. Side by side, their deliberate game to balkanize India by keeping some princely States independent was too obvious.
The year was full of fateful events since the surgery of separation was an unusual phenomenon, causing immense blood letting. Compressed between the natural demand for national unity and an artificially engineered two-nation theory, the desperate British went in for a comprehensive conspiracy to take advantage of the continuing communal civil war for achieving their sinister design of ‘Divine and Quit’.
This book, constructed from original source-material including confidential documents of some of the British Viceroys and officers as well as some letters of Winston Charchill to Muhammad Ali Jinnah deals with the intricacies of the problems which over-whelmed the greatest men of India like inexorable forces of Time. Everybody played his role and played it well against internal and external forces to preserve the unity of a great nation and an ancient country. But, Time was against India’s formidable patriots who had to suffer the agony of seeing their life’s hopes disappear in disappointment.
1947 will ever remain a turning point of history as the year of triumph and tragedies to be remembered by generation to come. This book will be of because immence use to students, scholars and general readers it provides a detailed insight into the happenings of that eventful year.
Chapter I Post-Mortem on an Alien Empire 1
Chapter II Dramatis Personae 41
Chapter III Notion of Division : Genesis to Fruition 111
Chapter IV Disintegration of Bengal 190
Chapter V Blood-Bath in the Land of Five Rivers 245
Chapter VI Betrayal of the Frontier Province 296
Chapter VII Disappearance of Myriad Princes 343
Chapter VIII Commonwealth Compulsions 407
Chapter IX Some Fantastic Hopes and Joyous Games 440
Appendix I Proposal for the Immediate Transfer of Power, 3 June 1947 472
Appendix II The Indian Independence Act, July 18, 1947 480
Appendix III Memorandum on States Treaties and Paramountcy 487