Globalization has affected a change across the regions of the world and India is no exception. The national economy has become far more integrated with the global economy now. However, there are large parts of the underdeveloped regions that suffer from endemic underdevelopment regions that suffer from endemic underdevelopment. The north-eastern region is one such region. The relevance of Globalisation in the context of the North-Eastern Region of India has additional implications in terms of social and political integration. The most important characteristic of the north-eastern region is that all the constituent units (states) are relatively closed ethnic groups. All the states in the region share porous international border. Consequently, both product and factor markets in these states have some international dimension. Given the socioeconomic and geopolitical dimensions in the region, the prevailing pattern of development in these states has also culminated in the form of social unrest and culminated in the region, the prevailing pattern of development in these states has also culminated in the form of social unrest and degradation of economic values. This clearly implies that the development policies and programmes have fallen short of meeting the social and economic aspirations of the indigenous population in the region. In this context, the question that arises is how the forces of Globalisation and economic growth could be combined together to address the implicit and most relevant questions associated with migration, unemployment and development of trading activities in the perspective of the North-Eastern Region of India. This volume argues for a more perceptive, sensitive assessment of the development needs of the region. There is a need to identify and recognize the most critical and appropriate strategy required for the region. This volume highlights the key issues, which remain as challenging for the future development, Poverty, inequality and deprivation remain entrenched in the backwardness and remoteness of the region despite sixty years of India’s independence. Further marginalization and peripheralisation of the communities from this region will not augur for the nation-state. The book is expected to be a valuable addition to the rather scanty literature on these contemporary economic issues with reference to North-Eastern region of India.