The aim of this work is to establish Kautilya as a great Indian jurist, who has so for remained hidden from the legal world. It is a matter of great satisfaction that the work has found a permanent place in the field of legal philosophy of law. Kautilya is also known as Vishnugupta or Chanakya. He gave Arthasastra first translation to the world which was a naturally crude. He made valuable contributions in the field of maintain law and order and prevention of crimes etc. This book consists of the following heads of legal action: (1) Laws of contract, (ii) Laws of marriage and Conjugal relation, (iii) Laws relating to property of women, (iv) family laws relating to partition and inheritance of male property, (v) Laws relating to landed property, (vi) laws of debts and deposits, (vii) Laws of service and partnership (viii) Laws of gifts, purchase and sale, (ix) Laws of civil injuries and (x) Gambling and miscellaneous subjects. Now in the 21st century, Publication of this work may herald a new era. The Kautilya system of law has many and various kinds of legal procedures which needs study and research. This book is a goldmine for researchers and thinkers in numerous fields. It will be a useful work of reference for jurists, judges, advocates of higher courts, diplomats, students of legal research and comparative law, historians, Sanskrit scholars, writers and the general public. It is hoped that the book will bring an awareness, recognition and rediffusion of the Indian learning at home, and in other parts of the world.